think you have a hard time packing, can you imagine how Lewis & Clark
must have felt. Their keelboat was loaded with thousands of pounds of
supplies, equipment, food and trade goods. Blue glass beads, brass buttons
and cooking kettles were among the most coveted trade items that they
carried. The Cultural Heritage Museum in Pierre, SD has a replica of a
Jefferson Peace and Friendship Medal which the explorers often presented
to the tribal leaders that they met on their trip.
The expedition's first lady, Sacagawea, accompanied the Corps of Discovery
from Fort Mandan, ND to the Pacific Ocean. She was the only woman to make
the trip and she took her baby son along. Six years after their return,
Sacagawea died at Fort Manuel near Kenel, SD. A monument to her overlooks
the Missouri River near Mobridge.
The Missouri River was the expedition's "highway" along the
whole trail. Each day they rowed, towed or sailed the keelboat up the
river and each night they camped along its shores. At the Lewis and Clark
Recreation Area near Yankton, SD, you can rent a boat and explore the
waters of Lewis and Clark Lake, one of the Missouri River reservoirs.
At night you can set up camp along the water just as Lewis & Clark
In October of 1804, the expedition spent several tranquil days with the
Arikaras, who farmed the land along the upper Missouri River. The Arikaras
lived in earth-lodge homes made with cottonwood logs, willow branches
and grass. You can see a replica of one at West Whitlock Recreation Area
near Gettysburg, South Dakota.
Follow in their footsteps and make your own adventure along the Nebraska
Lewis & Clark Trail. Highway markers keep you on the right road, Nebr.
There are a series of interpretive panels to tell the expedition's story
along the way.
One such panel is 7 miles north of Lynch, NE overlooking the Missouri
River and Old Baldy.
NOTES OF INTEREST
There is a painting of "Old Baldy" in the Joslyn Art Museum
at Omaha, NE. The painting was done by Karl Bodmer in 1831 when he accompanied
the German Lord, Maximilian, on a trip up the Missouri River from St.
Louis, Missouri to North Dakota. Bodmer painted hundreds of pictures for
Maximilian on that trip. The paintings of Bodmer's were found in a German
castle after the second World War and they were returned to the United
States to be placed in the Joslyn Art Museum.
Aug 25, 1960
Lynch Herald Enterprise
Earl H. Bell, Anthropologist, and a group of University of Nebraska
students unearthed three levels of primitive early native
American villages beneath the shifting sands of an ancient desert that
once existed in Boyd County, Lynch, NE.
The location of the prehistoric cities are northwest of Lynch, a short
distance from our High School. It shows an agricultural people lived here
500 years ago and even from one to two thousand years ago. Prior to this
discovery the scientists had thought that no agricultural people had lived
in Nebraska more that 500 year ago.
Dr. Bell's reasoning for the location of this early civilization was that
the hunting grounds provided by the highlands to the north and the productivity
of the lowlands, that are irrigated by springs from the hills along the
Ponca Creek, provided a excellent food source for the Native Americans.
This digging at Lynch was the first time that Northeast Nebraska was worked
by archaeologists and this work was undertaken after reports from George
Wilcox, former Superintendent of Lynch Schools, stated that countless
arrowheads were on top of the hills there. This digging showed three strata
of ancient culture. The first one showed up near the surface of the soil
extending down as much as a foot below the ground.
The second civilization appeared as much as five feet below the ground.
The third and most ancient is a foot or more below this second one. The
third stratus produced only flints and no pottery or other remnants which
would indicate a more advanced people.
The trenches around this ancient city ranged from 2 to 9 feet in depth
and have a top extending down five feet to a sandy soil believed blown
in here from the west during centuries of desert climate. Below this top
layer is a black and hard packed colored soil on which these ancient people
The top 5 feet of sandy soil indicated the great age of these early
inhabitants. Among valuable remains uncovered were: abundant variety of
vegetables, including carbonized ears of corn, beans and squash; pottery,
pieces large enough to hold more than a half bushel of produce and early
man-made tools. The site also contained a type of house hitherto unknown.
These early people also killed and ate buffalo, deer and elk and were